If we ever sit down and try to decide to remind ourselves where our trust lies, that these foods are beneficial and those foods are not, it is unlikely that we will be able to do so. Because usually our eating habits and patterns are deep-seated since childhood or are affected by what we see or hear. So, they dwell so deep within our minds that it never occurs to us to think about or question this information. We have collected the 8 most popular myths about food and debunked them.
The opinion that milk is useful exclusively to children is erroneous. Institutes of dietetics around the world have repeatedly cited studies whose results clearly indicate that people who consume enough milk and prefer butter to various margarines have a minimal risk of suffering from many diseases of the immune system. Dairy products saturate the body with vitamins and trace elements, and are an excellent source of calcium, which is especially important for elderly people prone to osteoporosis.
2. Cereal products
The love of the fitness industry for grain products helped along the myth that healthy eating is impossible without cereals. However, in comparison with vegetables, cereals contain few useful elements. Also, they contain a large amount of phytic acid, which binds it to useful minerals in the intestines, and subsequently interferes with their assimilation.
This kind of food is especially mythologized. Many of us often keep to fruit diets, because "you do not gain weight from fruits" and "they can easily cut an appetite." Neither statement is the truth. In fact, they are rich in fructose and many of them are quite high in calories. Fructose actually does not provide satiety, so we, being fully confident that we are losing weight, unknowingly gain it. Thus, excessive consumption of fruit can easily turn into extra pounds.
In addition to that, fruit does not, in fact, suppress our appetite, but, on the contrary, kindles it. How does this happen? Sweet fruit helps increase blood glucose levels, to which the pancreas responds with a large release of insulin, which should quickly dispose of glucose. But for a certain time, the level of insulin is still elevated, which causes an acute sense of hunger. The most persistent myth is about the fat burning ability of pineapple. There is a bromelain enzyme within pineapple juice that actually promotes protein catabolism, but it has no effect on fats.
Abstaining from bread in order to reduce weight and the belief that it contains only "empty calories" is a very established myth. In fact, if you don’t eat bread, you deprive the body of vitamins B1, B2, B6, B9, dietary fiber and minerals, the lack of which provokes the appearance of dryness and inflammation of the skin. In addition, bread contains fiber, which regulates the work of the intestines. And, for example, there are calcium salts, phosphorus, iron, potassium and other elements in the bread of eight cereals, all of these essential to the cardiovascular system and even blood composition. There is a vitamin PP in bread that includes bran, necessary for the prevention of atherosclerosis.
We’ve all heard it repeatedly, how eggs are saturated with cholesterol and harm the heart. However, recent studies have shown that the cholesterol in food does not cause an increase in the level of cholesterol in the blood. On the contrary, eggs contain "useful" cholesterol and do not increase the risk of heart disease. In addition, they contain a huge number of unique antioxidants, and even though the yolks contain a lot of fat, eggs for breakfast contribute to significant weight loss.
6. Low-fat products
In fact, low-fat cottage cheese tastes like cardboard. Producers compensate this with additives: sugar, fructose, corn syrup or artificial sweeteners. Meanwhile, many studies have proven the connection between increased doses of sweeteners and the risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease and depression. In addition, saturated fats can increase the level of "good" cholesterol and reduce the level of the bad kind. Therefore, the fear of butter, meat, cheese does not have any scientific basis. Naturally, it is important to keep a balance.
Caffeine really gives us a surge of energy and is able to speed up the metabolism. However, if you drink coffee often, rest assured that your body has adapted to it, and it no longer has the same metabolic effect. Another belief, that coffee causes heart disease, osteoporosis or cancer is a lie. In fact, it reduces the risks of melanoma, breast cancer, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and dementia. Caffeine does have a diuretic effect that dehydrates the body. Nevertheless, liquids consumed with coffee compensate for the loss of water, so moderate consumption of coffee does not cause dehydration.
8. Chewing Gum
Since childhood, we have been convinced that chewing gum is an absolute evil. Despite the fact that chewing gum is in no way capable of replacing toothpaste, it has a number of undeniable advantages as a means of additional hygiene. It can slightly clean the surface of the teeth, freshen breath and stimulate the production of gastric juices, which allows the stomach to cope more effectively with food. However, it is worth remembering that chewing gum shows its positive side only if it is used strictly after a meal for 5-10 minutes, until you feel the taste of its additives.